31‏/03‏/2011

Tutankhamun



Tutankhamun was a pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt in the history of ancient Egypt, and was the Pharaoh of Egypt from 1334 to 1325 BC. M. In the era of the modern state. The Tutankhamun of the most famous pharaohs, for reasons not related to the achievements made or wars won by, but for other reasons are not considered important historically is the most prominent is the discovery of his tomb and treasures in full without any damage and the mystery surrounding the circumstances of his death saluted considered many of the death of Pharaoh at a very early age thing abnormal, especially with the presence of traces of fractures in the bony hip and skull and marriage and the minister of his widow after his death, declaring himself Pharaoh, all of these mysterious events and heavy usage of the myth of the curse of the pharaohs associated with the tomb of Tutankhamun that were used in films and video games made from Tutankhamun months pharaohs, for reasons not related at all, or the historic significance of the achievements achieved during his years short pharaoh of Egypt, but mysteries and unanswered questions have considered assassinations of some of the oldest in human history.


The name of Tutankhamun Balhelgrevy

Tutankhamun was 9 years old when he became pharaoh of Egypt and his name in ancient Egyptian means "the living image of the god Amun", a large ancient Egyptian gods. Tutankhamen lived in a transitional period in the history of ancient Egypt, where he came after Akhenaten, who tried to unify the gods of ancient Egypt in the form of the one God was in his return to the worship of multiple gods of ancient Egypt. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by British archaeologist Howard Carter and the discovery of this latest media frenzy and widespread in the world.

Beginnings

* Omnhotپ III (1390 - 1353 BC. M.) Great wives and Queen Tiye (1390-1340 BC. M.) Gave birth to the pharaoh Akhenaten, who was also called as Amenhotep IV.

* Akhenaten (1353 - 1336 BC. M.), In addition to his wife Nefertiti Home (1352 - 1340 BC. M.) Had a secondary wife named Kiya and is likely to be the mother of Tutankhamun (1332 - 1322 BC. M..)

* Tutankhamun (1332 - 1322 BC. M.) Became pharaoh of Egypt as a child and died in mysterious circumstances and his wife was unknown and her name Ankh Amun Essen.

* Pharaoh who came after Tutankhamen was the former minister and Kپr Kپro Ra Ai, who married the widow of Ankh Amun Essen Tutankhamun.

Reign

During the reign of Tutankhamun, began a revolution against the Tel el-Amarna pharaoh Akhenaten, who earlier moved the capital from Thebes to the new capital furnace sister queens and try to unite the gods of ancient Egypt, including the multi-god Amun in the form of one god, Aten. In 1331 BC. M. Ie, in the third year of the rule of Tutankhamun, who was 11 years and the impact of the Minister Kپr Kپro Ra ie, lifting the ban on the worship of multiple gods and returned the capital to Thebes.

There is a belief that the death of Tutankhamun was not due to illness but may be a result of the assassination of the Minister Kپrkپro Ra Aye of plotting and there is plenty of evidence supplied by the believers in this theory, for example, marriage minister Kپrkپro Ra Eye of the widow of Tutankhamun, where he found the seal of Pharaonic carries the name of any and Ankh Essen Amon widow of Tutankhamun, and there is also a letter sent by Ankh Essen Amon (Tutankhamen's widow) to the king of the Hittites asking him to send one of his sons for the purpose of marrying her after the death of her husband and the king of the Hittites to send one of his sons to marry widow of Tutankhamun, but he died before he enters the land of Egypt, and there is a belief that he was assassinated probably masterminded by the Minister Kپrkپro Ra Aye, who apparently had been planning to seize the throne of Egypt stood up to kill the pharaoh Tutankhamun was killed Aris widow, but these hypotheses and no conclusive evidence to prove all these theories.

It is worth noting that the historical evidence indicates the presence of ministers of Tutankhamun, one iPhone that was mentioned and the other was named Horemheb There is archaeological evidence confirms that after the death of Tutankhamun, received the Minister Aye reins of power for a short period to be replaced by the Second Minister of Horemheb, which was in his destruction of most evidence of the reign of Tutankhamun, Aye and the minister and this confirms to some conspiracy theory and the fact that the death of Tutankhamun as a result of the assassination and not for reasons satisfactory.

Cause of his death

For a long time was the cause of the death of Tutankhamun, a controversial issue and there were a lot of conspiracy theories which suggest the idea that he did not die but was killed in the assassination. In the March 8, 2005 and as a result of the use of visualization Acharhristi three-dimensional three-dimensional CT scans of the mummy of Tutankhamun, said archaeologist Egyptian Zahi Hawass, that there was no evidence that Tutankhamun had been to the assassination, adding that the hole in the skull does not belong to the cause receiving a blow to the head as it was previously thought, but were to have this slot after death for the purpose of embalming and the ills of Zahi Hawass, the fraction in the bone left thigh, which has long been linked to the theory of assassination as a result of a broken thigh bone suffered Tutankhamun before his death and may have inflammation resulting from This break had caused his death.

Showed the analysis of modern also said that the bone ceiling cavity buccal of Tutankhamun was not complete and the length of the stature of Tutankhamun 170 cm and the length accidental skull greater than the natural length, which many historians proposal disease Marfan's syndrome Marfan's syndrome as a cause of death early this situation and genetic transfer by autosomal dominant genes.

The final report of the Group of archaeologists of Egypt that the cause of death was blood poisoning as a result of fracture in the femur in which he was Tutankhamun, which led to the Alگanگrin Gangrene which is a cell death and tissue degradation as a result of secretion of enzymes from the muscles of dead due to lack of oxygen to it through the blood .

Before this report there have been attempts to find out the cause of death using X-rays X-rays on the mummy of Tutankhamun at the University of Liverpool and University of Michigan in 1968 and 1978 respectively, and reached two universities to the discovery of dark spot under the skull of Tutankhamun from the back, which was interpreted Kinsev in the brain, which led to the spread of the hypothesis that he had received a blow on the head led to bleeding in the brain and death

Discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun

The so-called Valley of the Kings, located on the west bank of the River Nile near Thebes for a period of 450 years during the era of the modern history of the ancient Egyptians which lasted of 1539 to 1075 BC as a tomb for the pharaoh of this period where there is in this valley rocky, an area of ​​approximately 20.000 27 square meters of royal tombs dating back to the three families of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt and the Egyptian family nineteenth and twentieth Egyptian family was discovered to this day

Believed that the Valley has at least 30 other graves had not been discovered yet. Graves discovered in the Valley of the Kings so far and in chronological order for the rule of the Pharaohs dating back to Thutmose I and Omnhotپ II and Tutankhamun and Horemheb are of the Egyptian family of eighteen and Ramses I and Seti I and Ramses II and Aminmsis and the City II and Sptah and are of the Egyptian family nineteenth and six Nachti and Ramses III and Ramses IV and Ramses V and Ramses IX are of the Egyptian family twenty. There are the graves of other pharaohs of the unknown is still ongoing attempts of their knowledge.

The construction of the tomb of the pharaoh usually begins just days after his inauguration pharaoh of Egypt and the construction will take probably tens of years and the workers were using simple tools such as ax to dig grooves long and the formation of small rooms in the valley and over time there were tombs built over the graves of the other was the construction of tunnels and canyons of the new lead mostly to the blockage of corridors leading to the tomb of the pharaoh earlier, the lack of systematic planning that was the main reason that led to the survival of these treasures and not exposed to the theft of thousands of years.

In the November 4, 1922 when he was an archaeologist and specialist in the history of ancient Egypt, the British Howard Carter, the excavations at the entrance to the tunnel leading to the tomb of Ramses IV in the Valley of the Kings noticed a cellar and large continued exploration flour to be entered to the room containing the tomb of Tutankhamun, and was on the walls of the room containing the mausoleum of the fees great tells in the form of pictures the story of the departure of Tutankhamun to the world of the dead and the scene was very good for the world of Howard Carter, who was seen to the room through a hole in his hand a candle and said that the assistant asked, "Can you see anything?" Fjaoppe Carter: "Yes, I see wonderful things."

On February 16, 1923 was Howard Carter (1874-1939) was the first man since more than 3000 years the land set foot room containing the ark of Tutankhamun. Note that Carter and a wooden box with patterns inlaid with gold in the middle of the room and when the lifting of the Fund noted that the fund was covering second fund decorated with carvings inlaid with gold and when he lifted the second fund noted that the second fund was covering the fund Third restaurant in gold and when you raise the third fund Carter arrived to the sarcophagus which was covered with a thick layer of stone carved in the form of a statue of Tutankhamun, and when you lift this cover Stone Carter arrived to Altabutalzahbi the key was in the form of a statue of Tutankhamun was the golden coffin covered coffins Gold Sponsors others in the form of statues of the young Pharaoh.


Carter was forced to cut off three golden coffins to bring it up to the mummy of Tutankhamun

Met with Howard difficulty in lifting the shroud Golden III, who was covering the mummy of Tutankhamun for the mummy idea Carter said exposing the shroud to the heat of the sun summer of Egypt blazing will be capable of separating the shroud Golden mummy but his attempts failed and forced the latter to cut the shroud golden halves up to the mummy which was wrapped in layers of silk, after the removal of the shroud is made of cloth found the mummy of Tutankhamun full finery of necklaces and rings and crown and sticks and were all of pure gold, to remove these artifacts had excavation team to the separation of the skull and bones of major joints and after the removal of ornaments team brought installation of the skeleton of the mummy and put it in a wooden coffin.

To the public for the first time

Ministry of Tourism has decided to allow an Egyptian mummy of a young mummy of Tutankhamun to the public for the first time since its discovery with her shrine's golden city of Luxor 85 years ago.

The news agency Associated Press reported the director of Egyptian antiquities, Zahi Hawass, as saying that Egyptian scientists began more than two years restoring the mummy of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, which has been severely damaged after graduation for a brief period of her coffin stone when subjected to imaging CT.

Hawass added that the bulk of the body of the mummy fragmented to 18 piece looks - described by the senses - Khjarp crashed when he discovered parts of the British archaeologist Howard Carter first time, and remove it from the grave and tried to remove the golden mask which covered the face of King Tutankhamun.

Char to the mystery surrounding Tutankhamun and the Golden tomb raised the curiosity and enthusiasm of the fans since the studies of ancient Egyptian mummy revealed Carter site in the November 4, 1922, and what was in store for the treasures of gold and precious stones.

Archaeologists have tried in recent years uncovered the mystery behind the way the death of the young pharaoh, who was believed to be the ruler of 12 of the 18 Dynasty and ascended to the throne, the ruler of ancient Egypt at the age of no more than eight years.

In an attempt to uncover these secrets out scientists mummy of Tutankhamun from the grave and put it on the table CT evolving for a quarter of an hour in 2005 in order to obtain three-dimensional image of the mummy older than 3000 years.

And excluded the results of medical examination to be young pharaoh had died were killed, but was unable to determine precisely the way his death, which occurred in 1323 BC.

I discovered that the image of King Tutankhamun suffered a fractured left thigh, caused by an accident most likely, led to his later fatal disease could not be determined.

It also provided an account of the images in a timely manner is unprecedented about the life of the young pharaoh, who is one of the most famous kings of ancient Egypt, including that he was healthy because of good nutrition despite his intention to transform the relatively does not exceed 170 centimeters tall England when he died.www.futuresons.com

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