26‏/03‏/2011

Macedonia







Macedonia

Out giving the names
After the two Balkan wars in 1912 and 1913 and the disintegration of the states of the Ottoman Empire in Europe, most of the land was divided between the Ottoman Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia. Was called the territory of the Macedonian State Srbija, "Southern Serbia". And became part of Serbia Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929, the Kingdom was officially called the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and divided into provinces, including all of what is now the Republic of Macedonia and southern Serbia have become known from the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Macedonia naming Nations was used by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (AMRO) in 1920-1934 .. It is the leaders of these Anizpalexandrof Tudor, Brocoujerv Alexander, Ivan Mihailov and the basic idea of ​​this organization aims to liberate the territories occupied by Serbia, Greece and the creation of Macedonia United independent of all Macedonians, regardless of religion and race, but the great powers did not support this idea, because Serbia and Greece opposed the idea of ​​independence Macedonia. ABN AMRO launched the war with the rebels in Banovina Vardar, along with the (Organization of the Secret Macedonian Revolutionary Youth), which also conducted guerrilla attacks against the army and Serbian officials there. In 1923 There were semi-structured military movements and called on the Bulgarian Federation and the Serb army to war against the guerrilla movements and it called Macedonian, and became members of the movement AMRO renegades and the multinational force ...
In ancient times, most of the land which is now the Republic of Macedonia, inhabited by people Alballnenas, a people of Thrace assets. It also included parts of ancient Illyria and Dranba inhabited by various peoples Illyrian, and Allensistip Pelagonia Molusean and tribes. Macedonia was without fixed borders, and were sometimes of the kings of the Kingdom of Macedonia. In 336 BC by Philip II's son Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Macedonia High, including the north side and Bionea South, and reached as far north as the Danube River, and included it in his empire, both now located in the Republic of Macedonia, Romania and included most of the area of ​​the Republic present in their territory from Macedonia .
Macedonia in the Middle Ages 700 AD: literature Byzantine witness a raid on the Byzantines of land Alslaekaya in the region of Macedonia, and helped them to the Bulgarians. Historical records documented in 680 AD says that a group of Slavs, Bulgarians, Byzantines, led by Bulgar Cooper settled in the plain area Kiramesian and the city of Bitola. In the era of appears to coincide with the Covenant and the extension of Persian control of the Bulgarian Slavic tribes in Macedonia and around. Slavic peoples settled in the region of Macedonia and accepted the Christian religion to them about the ninth century during the reign of Czar Boris I of Bulgaria. Emperor Basil II finally defeated the armies of Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria and by 1018 the Byzantines regained control over Macedonia (and all the Balkan countries) for the first time since the seventh century. However, in the late seventeenth century, the country has witnessed a Byzantine, a region disputed by the various political entities, including the Alntqp Amehtlp by Alnormanyen in 1080. In the early thirteenth century, the Bulgarian Empire, which has returned to life has been able to control the region, but the Bulgarian Empire, which was experiencing difficulties and political problems could not stand in the region and returned to Byzantine rule again in the early fourteenth century. In the fourteenth century, became part of the Serbian Empire, who saw themselves as liberators of the Slavs relatives of the Byzantine despotism. Skopje became the capital of Tsar Stefan Dusan Emperor of Serbia. With the death of Dusan, came behind him and successor, the weak and the back of the power struggle between the nobles, which led to the division of the Balkans again, and this coincided with the entry of the Ottoman Turks into Europe. Appeared and the Kingdom of Prilep, which was one of the short-term that emerged from the collapse of Serbian Empire in the fourteenth century. Not remaining a major force for the Balkans to defend Christianity, and he signed the center of the Balkans under Turkish rule and remained under Ottoman rule for five centuries.
Territory of the Republic of Macedonia currently constituted most part south of the former Yugoslav Republic. The limits of current state was established after World War II by the Yugoslav government, which named Macedonia on behalf of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, saying separate ethnic Macedonians have its own state. In the past, these lands, and then follow the State Albionep Mekdon Kingdom and from which the current name of Macedonia. It is worth mentioning that the center of Mekdon ancient Macedonia was Greek (does not include only a few of the territory of the former Yugoslav republic). In 146 BC. M followed by the Romanian region of the empire and then of the Byzantine Empire. In the ninth century AD, the country turned to Christianity and entered the area under the influence of the First Bulgarian Empire. Century atheist century AD Byzantine Empire regained control of the Balkans until the end of the twelfth century AD, where the Byzantine Empire began to decline in Macedonia are subject to what is known as the Second Bulgarian Empire newborn at the time. Because of the many political and military difficulties faced by the emerging empire, the Byzantines managed to restore the territory of Macedonia. In the fourteenth century, Macedonia entered into the Serbian Empire for several decades, followed by the Ottomans to capture those areas. Macedonia continued part of the Ottoman Empire for five centuries ago. The proportion of Muslims at present almost 33%.
Mountains and hills occupy most of the territory of Macedonia, and some peaks reach to more than 2,500 m, including Mount Corbett, which rises 2751 m on the western border of the country, and spread among these highland plateau land, to levels ranging between 600 and 900 meters. And grow forests of pine, oak and beech in many spots, especially in the West. Stems River Vardar, Macedonia's largest rivers, from the highlands north-west, breaking the center of the country and southern.
Intense cold spells and freezing in winter and moderate summer temperatures in the valleys of mountain, while still high altitude cold, and the rates of heat in Skopje one degree centigrade in January, rising to 24 ° C in July, while the average rainfall in the city is about 55 cm per year.
Tourism is an important part of the economy of the Republic of Macedonia. Abundant areas of the country's natural and cultural make Macedonia an attractive destination to tourists. So that anyone on the Macedonian territory, some 700,000 visitors a year ..

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