27‏/03‏/2011

China















Tourism, Trade and treatment, sports, currency, religions and social conditions and all what is new about China 

Acupuncture 


Acupuncture is an important part and a complement to traditional Chinese medical science. And was initially seen as a way purely therapeutic, and then gradually evolved into a scientific discipline. Flag of Acupuncture is the science of classification and study skills of acupuncture treatment and clinical application of the law and the basic theory of acupuncture. (Draw the left side shows some of the human body, acupuncture points). 
That acupuncture has a long history, and remember the old books many times that prehistoric artifacts used in acupuncture are the needles of stone has come into existence in the New Stone Age, that is for ranges between 8000 and 4000 a year or less at the end of the regime of the Commune, tribal, had been found needles stone-kind in the archaeological excavations in China. And to the Spring and Autumn (ie, between 770 and 476 BC), got rid of the limitations of medical science quackery, and doctors have become professionals. And said the book "The biography of Zhou Shi in the Spring and Autumn" that when he was a famous doctor Yi Huan handles Prince mini gene whose name is Jin Jing Gong then, illustrates the latter, saying: "No attack, can not be accessed, are not included drugs, there is no cure for Mrdkm ". Note that the "attack" in saying mean ironing Wormwood leaves and "access" means the Acupuncture. 
In the period from the era of Warring States Alyahd Western Han dynasty (ie, between 476 before the AD and in 25 after AD), and with advances in technology Sralhdid, took the needles mineral prevail gradually and replaced needles stone more and more, and thus expand the use of acupuncture quicken the march of development. In the reigns of the Eastern Han Dynasty and the three states, there has been many scientists doctors Almchaherv the field of acupuncture, including the Huang Pu Mai, who wrote "The Book of ab to acupuncture," which is a scientific research integrated system of acupuncture. In the reigns of dynasties Jin and Southern and Northern dynasties (ie, between 256 and 589), the number of specialized research in acupuncture significantly, and in this particular period, acupuncture has spread in Korea and Japan and other countries. 
In my era Sui and Tang dynasties (ie, between 581 and 907), the evolution of acupuncture to a scientific discipline. And the department was established in the Department of Acupuncture specialist doctors of the Imperial Palace - a medical science education at the time. And then, science has evolved Acupuncture much constantly. In the 16 century began acupuncture is spreading in Europe. However, to the reign of Qing Dynasty, there was a tendency to pay more attention to drugs instead of acupuncture, which has impeded the development of science of acupuncture to some extent. 
After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the development of acupuncture is a major development. The Section was established acupuncture in more than two thousand Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine in all parts of the country, and touched study science of acupuncture to the various organs of living organisms and the various sections Clinical, and made large amounts of data the value of the scientific experiments in the research activities of acupuncture in the reform and calm and strengthen the immune, even in situations of Jing (ie Algingloh) and also their relations with the gizzard and other matters. 



Massage 


Placements and Jing Lu (which channels the main and sub-vital human body) or other placements on the body, exercising specific manual skills or move the four parties and trunk to treatment of diseases and prevention, health care and strengthening the body, it is the massage. 
Massage Hoda is on the theories of Chinese Medicine Atkulaidi and according to the principle of determining treatment based on the analysis of pathological phenomena and directories. Because it does not seek the help of any medication taken by mouth, it has no side effects mentioned, but also has good results in the treatment of many diseases, it is considered a therapeutic method is simple and easy to use on very large scale in the treatment of diseases of the cervical spine and twisting the muscles of cotton and sliding Adharov lumbar Othaouat soft tissue and joints of the four parties and other 

And to be exercised according to the massage movements and the specific skills required, and in line with the basic requirements represented by the perseverance and strength, consistency, smoothness, depth and force. The practice of massage is not limited to the use of the hand, but can use the foot and elbow as well, or use with special massage, and sometimes, in order to facilitate the massage, you can use Bmriham especially like ointment massage and paste massage and oil ILEX Chinese and safflower oil and sesame oil and talcum powder and other materials for painting. And methods of massage are many and varied, and methods are common methods of payment and stroking pressure, musk, shaking and beatings and who. Due to the different practitioners of massage, the massage is divided into two types of self-massage and massage the negative. It uses self-massage is mainly to strengthen the body through medical care, such as the eyes, massage and massage for sponsoring the four parties for the care and massage the stomach to care placements and massage the body designated to soothe the soul. The massage negative, is used to treat major diseases and prevention, including, massage young children and orthopedic massage and massage Althikong. 




Knowledge of traditional medicine Hui 


Aware that traditional medicine Hui product to reconcile science Hani Chinese traditional medicine and medical science the Arab-Muslim. In my era Jing and Yuan Dynasty, was aware of traditional medicine to the Hui ethnic group to the peak of its development, which brought out the book "Recipes Hui Hui medical" huge Almtmizlqomip Hui of Medicine and Pharmacy, which brings together medical science, pharmacy and Arabic Sciences Chinese traditional medicine. It is clear from the recipes contained in the book "Recipes Hui Hui medical" that the forms of the drugs used in healing practices include the forms of the ball and powder and ointment and drink traditional Chinese and reserves at the same time some forms of traditional medicines such as Arabic medicines aromatic and country and oily, intoxicants and drugs or drink. 
During the long process of evolution for the information of Medicine Hui, formed a unique integrated methods of folk remedies. The most important feature of the recipes popular and useful medicine Hui is the integration of drugs in foods, and related to this feature somewhat carefully Hui to master the preparation of foods accurately, such as Mzjhm sesame oil in sodium sulfate water to treat constipation and inflammation of the esophagus and carcinoma in early. (Figure shows the book "Recipes Hui Hui Medical") 




Medical science, traditional Miao 


View of medical science, traditional Miao and poison to the wound and the loss and accumulation of bacteria and insects are the six elements that lead to the injury of the human body with the disease. And diagnosis of diseases being by feeling the pulse and hear the sound and watch the color and inquire about medical conditions and use of the hand to feel and touch and roads and beatings, abrasion, pressure, transport, measurement and other traditional methods to anticipate changes in configurations, the human body and Zawepehrlnevsip unusual. 
The majority of drugs used in medicine Miao of plants and animals, and few of them of minerals. The main features of these drugs in 3 types, the warm and cold medicines and chilly. And treat malaria drugs first and second with fever and help the third on the restoration of health and strengthening the body. Based on incomplete statistics, the number of these drugs is common PGA more than 1500 species, and medicines of which about 200 species. 
The distribution of pharmaceutical medicine in the mountains of Miao Miao and Wu Ling-moon and Wuling and other congested areas the children of nationalism. Due to the different areas in the latitude and geographical environments and habits of the use of drugs, different drugs spread from one region to another. 






The definition of Taiwan 

That Taiwan is a province of China is composed of islands located southeast of mainland China. It consists of more than 80 islands including the island of Taiwan and its islands and the Penghu Islands. The total land area of ​​about 36 thousand square kilometers. 
Overlooking the island of Taiwan and north on the East China Sea and adjacent to the north-east the Ryukyu Islands, overlooking the Pacific Ocean to the east. There is the southern island of Taiwan and adjacent to the Bass Strait province of Fujian to the south-west. The province is located in the center of the course of the Pacific Ocean and enjoys the status of an important strategy. 


Taiwan Strait 
The length of the Taiwan Strait from the south to the north 380 kilometers and an average display from east to west 190 km. The narrowest place between Aldvtn only 130 km from Hsinchu, Taiwan to Fujian Pingtan. If it rose to a high place in the coast of Fujian Province, you can see the high mountains in Taiwan, so you can see Mount Jilong in northern Taiwan. 
Terrain and geographical features 
The island of Taiwan, which account for more than 97% of the total area of ​​Taiwan Province, the largest island in China. On the island, many of the mountains which constitute two-thirds area. Mountains and Zhongyang Chewsan and mountains and mountains to the ropes and Taedong (mountains Hai'an) five major mountains on the island. Characterized by the geographical terrain in the island of Taiwan, up the middle and lower sides. The Chungbang mountains that extends from north of the island to the south of the line center of the island. The Mount Yushan main peak in the mountains of Yushan, which has a height of 3997 meters above sea level the highest peak in Taiwan. 

Climate, the main products 

Taiwan Province is located between the temperate and tropical regions where the climate is tropical and subtropical. Taiwan enjoys a comfortable climate influenced by monsoon sea. The average temperature around 22 degrees except for mountainous areas. Does not come down to frost or snow in most areas where the length of the year. There is snow in areas above the height of 3000 meters above sea level. And rain in Taiwan and the abundant and often affected by cyclones. 
The area of ​​forest cover in Taiwan more than half of the total land area. The wood reserve of 300 million cubic meters. And exceeds the number of tree species in Taiwan, 4000, including the type of trees in the tropics and sub-tropical and cold, which makes it a natural botanical garden famous in Asia. The forest area in the economic boycott about 80 percent of the total forest area. Taiwan and occupies first place in the world in terms of tree-planting eucalyptus. The camphor and eucalyptus oil eucalyptus trees Almstkrjan of local products unique in Taiwan and their production volume is about 70 percent of the total volume of production in the world. 
Taiwan sea and surrounded from all directions and is the island of Taiwan in the place of the cross currents of hot and cold. And enjoy the rich marine products. Types of more than 500 species of fish where. The cities and Quaohiwang Jilong and Sooo Xinguang and Hualien and Penghu fishing famous sites. In addition, enjoy the sea salt that produces a good reputation in Taiwan. 



Population 

That many residents of Taiwan Province and a few territories. The total population of 22.4 million by the end of 2001, with a population density of 619 inhabitants per square kilometer. 
And moving the age structure of the population of Taiwan toward aging. Until the end of 2001, the proportion of the population aged between 0 to 14 years to 25.8 per cent while the proportion of the population aged between 15 to 64 years to 67.4 percent and the proportion of the population over the age of 65 years to 6.8 percent. 
And the spread of the population in Taiwan is not balanced. Where the population density in mountainous areas which exceed a height of 1000 meters above sea level and a third of the total area of ​​Taiwan more than 20 people per square kilometers. The population density in cities more than 4800 people per square kilometer especially in the cities of Taipei and Quaohiwang and Taichung and Keelung and Hsinchu and Tainan. Are seven cities where 2.9 percent of the total area of ​​Taiwan, but its population make up 31 percent of the total population. 
Experiencing population policy in Taiwan constant adjustments with the social and economic development. Since 1965, Taiwan began the implementation of the "family plan" to put limits on the age of marriage for young men and women and child-bearing age and called for the implementation of the policy of "one child, two children are suitable and adequate." After that, the lower the birth rate, which gradually eased the increasing population. But the problems of aging and the lack of labor emerged with a low rate of population increase. Therefore, the Taiwan authorities was amended in 1990, the Platform for population policy as put forward a policy of "two children and three are suitable not much." In recent years, Taiwan authorities adopted a policy to encourage reproduction. 


Major cities 

Taipei City 
The city of Taipei in northern Taiwan Island and the city covers an area of ​​272 km square, the largest city in terms of area on the island. And a population of 2.7 million people make up the eighth of the total population of the island. 
Taipei City is the industrial and commercial center of Taiwan Province. And most established companies and institutions, banks and Almtajermqradtha in Taipei. The province of Taipei, Taoyuan County and the city of Jilong largest industrial and commercial area in the province and the city of Taipei is the center. 
The city of Taipei is also a cultural and educational center of Taiwan Province. Where there are 24 universities including the University of Taiwan and the Taiwan Political University and the University of Taiwan for the teachers. In addition, there is where the largest center for media and publishing and the largest radio and television stations and the largest office and museum in the province. 
And enjoy the city of Taipei trasport advanced centers, one of the railways and highways in the province. And the port of Keelung and the port of Daneshoi two libation seaports of the city of Taipei. And Songshan Airport in Taipei City is the second largest international airport in the province. 


City Quaohiwang 
Quaohiwang city covers an area of ​​about 150 square kilometers and a population of more than 1.4 million people. And date back to the city Quaohiwang Old Testament where it began development in early and witnessed rapid development in industry and commerce. 
The city of Quaohiwang major industrial base of Taiwan Province, where there are large number of Taiwan's major institutions that operate in the sectors of oil refining, iron and steel and shipbuilding. Will also offer the city of Kaohsiung in the areas of electronic industry, mechanical and other. Kaohsiung is also a hub for fishing in Taiwan, where occupies first place for fishing on the high seas. 
Kaohsiung has a trasport sea, land and air is easy. Where the city's deep water port of Kaohsiung, which expands to 38 giant steamer converted 10 thousand tons and occupies fourth place in the world in terms of volume of cargo passing through Hong Kong and after Singapora and Rotterdam in the Netherlands. And going from Kaohsiung International Airport, international flights and domestic regular and irregular. The flight from Taipei to Kaohsiung will take 40 minutes by plane and takes 4 hours by train or car. 
And the city of Kaohsiung is a beautiful city where the winter is also not experiencing a corresponding length of the tropical year. 

The central cities of the five 
Taichung City 
Taichung City is located in the west of the island of Taiwan, the third largest city in Taiwan. Has now become a center of culture, education, economy and transportation of the Central Taiwan. And occupies second place after Taipei in terms of the number of universities and institutes where. Taichung and also center of Buddhist culture in Taiwan, where held in the Temple Baozhuh by the Conference of the Taiwan Buddhist every year. The municipality has to maintain their environment clean is the cleanest city in Taiwan. 
Tainan City 
Tainan City is located on the coast south-east of the island of Taiwan and is the fourth largest city in the island and oldest cities. Before becoming a provincial capital city of Taipei, Tainan was the political, economic and cultural center of Taiwan. And a large number of historical relics, including the building and Chician Ping'an ancient castle and the Temple of Zheng Chenggong. Tainan has a heavy religious atmosphere where there are over 200 temples and a church. 
Keelung City 
The city of Keelung in northern Taiwan island, overlooking the East China Sea. A port surrounded by mountains. Keelung sophisticated and experienced in early on the island. And enjoy trasport advanced and thriving sectors of the shipbuilding and chemical industry, coal and aquatic products. And it is also an important port for fishing. Where are the size of fish production in about five total in the province. And rained in more than 200 days per year in Keelung. Therefore, also called the Keelung Port rain. 
Midnp Xinzhou 
The city of Hsinchu important city in terms of science and culture in the west coast of Taiwan. And there are Qinghua University and the Communication University in Taiwan and the Hsinchu Science Park and industries, called "silicon valley in Taiwan." 
City Jiayi 
Located within the province of Jiayi Jiayi. There is where the largest water reservoir in Taiwan, a tank Thengyun. 


Famous landscapes in China 

China enjoys views of many natural and well on the places listed in the World Heritage List (see the "natural and cultural heritage in China" in our site) are located in China places landscaped worth a visit such as the city of Guilin in southwest China and Mount Changbai north-east of China and Mount the four girls in the South Western views of China and the tropical forests of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, and views of the coconut trees in the province of Hainan. 
Guilin City 
The city of Guilin in the Qguangsay Zhuang Autonomous Region where the climate is mild and humid and there is no severe cold in the winter and intense heat in summer and the plant grows throughout the four seasons and the annual average temperature is 19 degrees Celsius. 
Enjoy the city of Guilin environment abiotic natural well and contributed to movements of the ground for the emergence of forest mountains and caves and collapsed cores are consistent with the Lijiang River beautiful views of picturesque villages, which constitutes a "scenery of Guilin" which is characterized by the beauty of mountains and water, caves and rocks so you can say, "The scenery of Guilin forefront of China." 

Due date of the city of Guilin to the pre-2110 years and where there is 109 sites antique at the state level and the level of the Guangxi Autonomous Region and the level of the city and spread poems writers that sing its beautiful and Buddhist statues in the mountains and caves and the most famous "forest monument" and "rock carved Mount Chechnya." Among the most famous scenery of Guilin and the summit of the Lotus Garden Chycheng Onghang and spring to the warm and friendly and rocks of the Mount proboscis and other great areas. 
The city has 28 hotels Guilin The Stars receive foreign visitors and local and 18 international travel agencies and more than 1000 tourist guide who speaks foreign languages. In recent years, tourism infrastructure of the city of Guilin, further improvement and more than 40 air routes linking cities in China and the world. 
Mount Changbai 
Changbai Mountain is located in Jilin Province, northeast China, the border line between China and North Korea and also is the source of the Tumen River and the Songhua and Iallio. The vast forests, including embraced the rare animals have made them into vital international reserves of the United Nations in 1980. 
Changbai Mountain is the greatest mountain in the north-east China and the region was inhabited since ancient times and home to the national Man who founded the Qing Dynasty in China and considered a holy place during the years of its rule. So Changbai Mountain is famous for being a tourist place and home to the National Man and the sacred mountain of the nation of Korea. 

Named Mount Changbai so named because the main peak is covered Bouksour white and snow white and his name means permanent. And Mount Changbai is a volcano sleeping and records indicate that he broke three times since the 16 th century, so enjoy the mountain scenery and geography of a strange and spectacular views of the very most famous views its Lake Tianchi and birch forest and the forest of columns rocky ground and pine Belle and the Grand Canyon and park mountain summits and Bannaabie warm and views of others. 
Changbai Mountain is the key to the origin of precious northeast China and the three sex beaver fur and a century-Ghazal. In addition, there is the Mount Changbai resources of rare flora and fauna abound. 
The transportation to visit the Mount Changbai an easy and you can reach the city of Yanji on a flight from Beijing or Shanghai or Xinjiang, and then take a car to him. At the bottom of the mountain or by the hotels on the various levels and stay in hotels, high-level cost about 220 yuan Chinese \ about 26.5 U.S. dollars \ for each night and the establishment of a single person in hotels, the regular cost between 10 to 40 yuan, Chinese for every night \ between 2.1 to 5.4 U.S. $ \. 


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