31‏/03‏/2011

Revolutions in the Middle East between vision and strategy


Revolution is usually ‮ ‬ tool from ‮ ‬ tools of change in ‮ ‬ community, ‮ ‬ characterized by revolutions as a surprise, ‮ ‬ though her beginnings and evidence before the blast, Revolutionary, ‮ ‬ a ‮ ‬ mass and led a group of political activists or ideologues, ‮ ‬ a ‮ ‬ calls for radical change, ‮ ‬ and began an appeal, ‮ ‬ they quickly degenerate into a movement for comprehensive change, ‮ ‬ but also ‮ ‬ said ‮: ‬ is not all that ‮ ‬ WISHES ‮ ‬ one ‮ ‬ realize, ‮ ‬ some revolutions facing setbacks ‮ ‬ or revolutions counter, ‮ ‬ and many revolutions do not achieve their goals in ‮ ‬ term ‮ ‬ near, ‮ ‬ Although they ‮ ‬ term ‮ ‬ Remote difference ‮ ‬ radically ‮ ‬ in ‮ ‬ society movement ‮. ‬And suffer ‮ ‬ many revolutions of the three deficiencies ‮: ‬ strategic dimension ‮ ‬ future ‮ ‬ sense ‮ ‬ that the revolution as a mass movement calling for comprehensive change is located in ‮ ‬ dilemma pride and vanity, ‮ ‬ especially if you encounter systems are weak, ‮ ‬ broke down those systems quickly, ‮ ‬ and then imagine the revolutionary movement that the work is easy, ‮ ‬ and that changing the community a simple question, ‮ ‬ Here ‮ ‬ shows the dilemma the first or the lack of the first is the outlook for the development of society, ‮ ‬ As is well known that the change of society culturally ‮ ‬ and socially is not an easy matter, such as change the formal ‮ ‬ or legal change ‮ ‬ or technological change, ‮ ‬ Fastieb community as members of the change process less than the speed of absorption of technology, ‮ ‬ Perhaps the simplest model ‮ ‬ that such comparison is to buy a car and driving for the dismantling of the car and re-installed ‮. Here ‬ ‮ ‬ get into the car industry or industry community, ‮ ‬ This strategic dimension ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ future needs of the development of mental and behavioral structure of society the sense that he ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ takes time ‮. ‬ It is here featured in ‮ ‬ political thought ‮ ‬ Revolutionary ‮ ‬ what was known two kinds of adolescence left hand, ‮ ‬ and right on the other hand, ‮ ‬ as well as movements cleansing revolutionary, ‮ ‬ We found very clearly in ‮ ‬ Chinese revolution ‮ ‬ In the Russian Revolution ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ and also in the French Revolution ‮ ‬ ‮. ‬Shortage in the second ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ revolutionary movement is the lack of ideological or political belief ‮. ‬ Vkthirmen revolutions including ‮ ‬ that military coups ‮ ‬ turn into ‮ ‬ revolutions such as the coup ‮ ​​‬ 1952 ‮ ‬ in ‮ ‬ Egypt coup ‮ ​​‬ 1958 ‮ ‬ in ‮ ‬ Iraq and two of the most famous military coups ‮ ‬ by ‮ ‬ turned to ‮ ‬ revolutions in ‮ ‬ Arab region, ‮ ‬ as well as the coup ‮ ​​‬ 1962 m in ‮ ‬ Yemen coup ‮ ​​‬ 1969 m in ‮ ‬ Libya, ‮ ‬ namely a shift to ‮ ‬ revolutions, but their aspects the negative more than Aijayatema, ‮ ‬ emerged in which such as the coup in ‮ ‬ Egypt and Iraq are clear ideological dimension of the lack of integrated ‮ ‬ ‮. ‬The third dimension, which ‮ ‬ representing a decrease in ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ revolutionary work is the dimension of leadership ‮. ‬ The French Revolution on ‮ ‬ For example, ‮ ‬ a ‮ ‬ of the most famous revolutions global ‮ ‬ did not have the specific command, ‮ ‬ conflict continued between the leaders for several years, ‮ ‬ even ‮ ‬ arrived leadership ‮ ‬ to Napoleon Bonaparte, who ‮ ‬ go out to ‮ ‬ movement expansive ‮ ‬ Europe, ‮ ‬ and expansive ‮ ‬ abroad, ‮ ‬ call competitive European, ‮ ‬ therefore campaigned for the invasion of Egypt in ‮ ‬ 1798, ‮ ‬ and ended ‮ ‬ up being ‮ ‬ to struggle with the strong ‮ ‬ European, ‮ ‬ without planning, ‮ ‬ and without clear vision without the study of the balance of power ‮ ‬ European between him and his opponents to ‮ ‬ failure of the French Revolution, ‮ ‬ denied ‮ ‬ Napoleon to ‮ ‬ Saint Helena and death there ‮. ‬Words ‮ ‬ others, ‮ ‬ the lack of clear leadership and the ideology of an integrated and strategic vision are linked to the priorities ‮ ‬ and specify clearly ‮ ‬ represents more disadvantages of any revolutionary movement, ‮ ‬ Hence, we find many of the revolutionary movements succeed Ali ‮ ‬ term ‮ ‬ run like Revolution Cuban Revolution or the Chinese or the Russian Revolution, ‮ ‬ However, they also fail to ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ term strategic ‮. ‬ Perhaps the reference that, ‮ ‬ is the inability of the revolution and revolutionaries ‮ ‬ integrated map of revolutionary action ‮ ‬ based approach timeframe ‮ ‬ and ‮ ‬ radical change for society, and achieve his ambitions ‮ ‬ ‮. ‬Let us remember that the revolution in one ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ tariffs is a radical change in ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ community, ‮ ‬ This change ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ depends on two main steps ‮: ‬ destruction of the old and the creation of new ‮. The first step ‬ ‮ ‬ easy ‮ ‬ such as going down stairs or falling from the foot of the mountain, ‮ ‬ while the second step as tough as climbing stairs or climbing the mountain ‮. ‬ expel each employee or official of the location is very easy, ‮ ‬ either ‮ ‬ up to ‮ ‬ office and carries on business ‮ ‬ achieve Workmen are positive, so deep ‮ ‬ difficult and takes time, effort and thought and science, ‮ ‬ and that's what ‮ ‬ lead ‮ ‬ to ‮ ‬ failure of many revolutions, ‮ ‬ and the occurrence of what ‮ ‬ called the counter-revolution, ‮ ‬ Since the definition of the most accurate of the revolution is not to change ‮ ‬ community, but change for the better including ‮ ‬ raises the level of ‮ ‬ lives of its members and enhance the buildings to and bring him the progress ‮. ‬ So there are three elements to judge ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ revolutionary work from the perspective of strategic ‮. Occurs ‬ ‮ ‬ change and this change for the better, ‮ ‬ and ‮ ‬ benefit of society and the welfare of its members ‮. ‬ and here is a lot of revolutions, especially the movements of demands in ‮ ‬ serious mistake, ‮ ‬ The re-distribution of wealth as a first step ‮ ‬ and then stop in ‮ ‬ whereas what is required is to deepen and strengthen the concept of the production of wealth, ‮ ‬ initial ‮ ‬ is ‮ ‬ impoverish the rich and the second is ‮ ‬ enrich society as a whole ‮. ‮ ‬ ‬ initial lead ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ to declining production and declining value of the work in ‮ ‬ while the second promotes production and greater ‮. ‬ We may take the experience of the Chinese revolution in ‮ ‬ 1949 ‮ ‬ and compare corrective reform movement, ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ which can be called "the revolution of propolis in Siaobnj ‮ ‬ 1978 ‮ ‬ real or the second phase of the Chinese revolution ‮. ‬ The first phase ‮ ‬ in ‮ ‬ reign of Mao Tse ‮ ‬ Tong led to ‮ ‬ re-distribution of wealth, ‮ ‬ and then everybody was so happy with, ‮ ‬ but soon discovered leadership ‮ ‬ they have not achieved what they were begging, ‮ ‬ rushed in ‮ ‬ resolutions brought disaster ‮ ‬ China, ‮ ‬ example of the Cultural Revolution Albroolttiarip marrow ‮ ‬ by ‮ ‬ lasted approximately ten years, ‮ ‬ and accepted by the reform movement in ‮ ‬ 1958 ‮ ‬ by ‮ ‬ brought economic disaster, ‮ ‬ thus interacted economic disasters , ‮ ‬ and the specter of famine, ‮ ‬ and the lack of food production shortfalls, ‮ ‬ with hatred, class, ‮ ‬ and political conflict, ‮ ‬ inciting in ‮ ‬ China disaster, ‮ ‬ and ate the revolution much ‮ ‬ of leadership for the worship of the individual and control ‮. Unlike the second phase ‬ ‮ ‬ led by Deng Siaobnj increased the production, ‮ ‬ improved technology and transformed China in three decades to become the third economic power in the world ‮ ‬, ‮ ‬ Two years later, became the second economic power ‮. ‬ in ‮ ‬ while the rush of revolutionary ‮ ‬ Cuba ‮ ‬ for example, led them to ‮ ‬ isolation and poverty, ‮ ‬ and that was one of ‮ ‬ positives are ‮ ‬ spread of education, ‮ ‬ and that's also what happened in ‮ ‬ China ‮ ‬ revolutionary phase initial ‮ ‬ in ‮ ‬ reign of Mao Tse ‮ ‬ Tong, ‮ ‬ Perhaps the argument task to Vladimir Lenin, ‮ ‬ that the revolution is ‮ ‬ produce electricity, ‮ ‬ sense ‮ ‬ that a light intellectual ‮ ‬ and material ‮ ‬ and industrial development ‮ ‬ and production is more important than slogans and movements and chants, ‮ ‬ a ‮ ‬ work is the first pillar, ‮ ‬ say that this statement indicates the ‮ ‬ depth vision of Lenin, ‮ ‬ which is taken by Stalin in part, ‮ ‬ and forget ‮ ‬ the other part the concept of revolution is the transfer of the community to ‮ ‬ better, ‮ ‬ Vohaa horror ‮ ‬ fear and repression in ‮ ‬ community despite its increased production of the country as a whole, ‮ ‬ but ‮ ‬ low level ‮ ‬ Living Valley ‮ ‬ to ‮ ‬ frustration, but After ‮ ‬ 70 ‮ ‬ years down communism collapsed in Russia and in ‮ ‬ ‮ ‬ Eastern Europe for the benefit of capitalism ‮. ‬Here we look for the following strategic ‮ ‬ of the revolution, ‮ ‬ is the need to build the institutions ‮ ‬ solid foundation and not change it for the benefit of the individual or class and second requirement relevant to understanding the evolution of society, ‮ ‬ is a community that will continue to be dominated by moving plates, ‮ ‬, not static class, ‮ ‬ any ‮ ‬ concept of social mobility, ‮ ‬ becomes the transition from layer to another ‮ ‬ result of knowledge, skill and education, ‮ ‬ and not the result of hypocrisy and flattery or affiliation of family ‮ ‬ or to ‮ ‬ Clp group or sect, ‮ ‬ The third need for the success of any revolution, ‮ ‬ is ‮ ‬ transformation ‮ ‬ to ‮ ‬ force societal sense ‮ ‬ raised slogans and implementation including ‮ ‬ in the interest of every class of society, ‮ ‬ But if you turned the Revolution into ‮ ‬ concept of class only, or only religion or sect only, ‮ ‬ they lead ‮ ‬ to ‮ ‬ class struggle ‮ ‬ or sectarian ‮ ‬ or religious, ‮ ‬ and lose as a community movement, ‮ ‬ This ‮ ‬ brings us back to the concept of revolutionary ideology, ‮ ‬ and to ‮ ‬ leadership and to ‮ ‬ dimension future ‮. Copied d .... Mohamed Noman Galal

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