18‏/03‏/2011

loss of the world due to disasters in 2010


 loss of the world due to disasters in 2010
Incurred during the current year the world the equivalent of $ 222 billion as a result of the disaster suffered by the world, whether natural or man-made, more than three times the disaster losses in 2009 were $ 63 billion.

According to figures recorded by the reinsurer Swiss giant «Swiss Re», the insurance industry in the world paid compensation during the current year of $ 36 billion dollars, up 34% of compensation for 2009.

At the same time, the volume of casualties as a result of the current world disasters was the highest since 1976 where it reached 260 thousand to 15 thousand people dead in the disaster only 2009, according to Swiss Re.

Haiti was the earthquake, which occurred in January last the lion's share of disaster victims in 2010 as the number of victims of the earthquake more than 220 thousand dollars. In Russia, the heat wave and the fires that hit the country last summer to the deaths of about 15 thousand people killed in floods, while China and Pakistan, about 6225 people.

In February, the last strong earthquake killed about 800 people in Chile. 3000 people were killed in the quake which hit the region Hinghai in April last strong 1.7 on the Richter scale, where about 100 thousand displaced people. More than 500 people in the quake which hit the island of Mintawai off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, in October, last year.

In October a second / last killed volcano Mount Merapi on the Indonesian island of Java, hundreds of people.

Revealed human disasters on a large variation in the evolution of security systems in the affected States and the importance of insurance in overcoming the financial implications of the disaster, according to company Swiss Re. Thomas Hess says economic analyst Thomas Ri «while the cost of the biggest events resulting from the earthquakes in Chile and New Zealand and winter storms in western Europe was covered by insurance, the events such as earthquake, floods Haiti Asia were not given any coverage about».

The biggest disaster for insurance companies China earthquake, which occurred in February last and liver of insurance companies about $ 8 billion, according to preliminary estimates. The New Zealand earthquake Vqaibd insurance companies 7.2 billion dollars. And inflicted Zentea storm that hit Western Europe, insurance companies 8.2 billion dollars.

At the same time, losses resulting from some other events have been difficult a few, such as losses resulting from the volcanic dust cloud resulting from the eruption of Iceland in April, which caused the paralysis of air traffic in the western and northern Europe for several weeks.

In the same month exploded oil platform belonging to the British oil company BP in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 workers and the leakage of the largest quantity of oil in the history of the United States where he continued to leak oil Tmosalmadi even before the well is closed in September. In a recent report stressed the World Bank and the United Nations on the importance of preventive measures to reduce losses from natural disasters that have caused the deaths of 3.3 million people during the period from 1970 to 2008.

The report, titled »natural hazards and disasters is natural: the economics of effective prevention» The losses resulting from the risks related to weather, even without the expense of the impact of climate change will reach $ 185 billion in 2010. And could lead to climatic changes increase projected losses resulting from hurricanes only $ 28 billion while the losses currently estimated at 68 billion dollars.

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