18‏/03‏/2011

Indian art .. civilization

Indian art .. civilization

 
Doctrines of India a source for arts, sculpture, architecture, photography



 
Doctrines of India


  
Brief History of emergence of India, we review in which religious beliefs over the centuries and created the features of the ritual and the songs were a magic key to this art which was inspired by themes of society, as it appears on the premises "Alstoih" which was built centuries before the birth of the Kingdom "Majoah" River Valley Janjh, while flourished Arts of India in the beginning of the first century AD, the proliferation of technical schools with the development of the two faiths "Hinduism and Buddhism," has also taken the Indians from nature and life the gods, and the back of the role of the clergy appeared layer "Albrahmanip" from having intercourse with the Scriptures in faith Hinduism. was explanation for some of the terminology of beliefs Indian knew "Hinduism" as an integrated system of life, a view of a complex phenomenon of multiple gods and subsoil consolidation, and "Yoga" released on the life of Sufism, which is intended to rid the rights of the illusions of the world's perception is a systems Indian philosophy which is based on theory physiological, and "Algiinip" is a faith of India, which aims to superior human beings to perfect places, and "Buddhism" is built on the principle of self-control by getting rid of desires and follow the teachings and tenets of sound, and there are rites and rituals of her is the theory of ethics, and Buddhist texts record Stories from the Buddha's life and preaching.


 


The languages ​​and seals and coins as the characteristics of a function of Indian art; where Sanskrit is the main language in ancient India and arts writing improved, which was attached to the end of the word the word that followed, and were scattered in the north, while the language was "Aldravidep" deployed in the south, and dialects of Sanskrit "Indo" and "Urdu", and was a feature of Indian art that depicts the leader and prophet, musician, poet and artist and Knight also marked also Banazare attractive of humor and playfulness and starring, intimidation, sex, and look for a number of paintings of Buddha and his teachings borne temples scattered points the researcher to the similarity between Arts of India and European art in the Middle Ages.Sculpture and architecture



Linked to sculpture and architecture Indian vehicle to religious beliefs; which reflects the building, "Alstoih" in Calcutta for the Buddhist faith, a symbol of building a funeral, as well as the hall of the "Alkatier" which is the chapel of the doctrine of Buddhism, and by the architecture of India using brick, stone and Bishop spherical and Alqbwat and cylindrical columns conjoined walls as in the temples cavernous city of Bombay. The study examines the evolution of architecture and sculpture through the dynastic ruling since the fourth century BC to the eighteenth century AD, where he was the dawn of Renaissance art in the Family "Moreh" He began carving in stone; and found the oldest achievements carved in Buddhist temples , while encouraged family "Sonjh" Create porches based on rows of columns to represent Renaissance art, architecture, and photography, while the assembled family, "Kushan" between local art and effects Greek, and the height of the glories of art in the "Stwe Sancho" top architectural monuments made by the Indian Buddhism of the humankind in the family "Jote".
 
And you see the dazzling entrances open to the temples in the Family "Vakatake"; where shows good taste in caves "Ajanth" of harmony in photography and fit between the characters and shapes and the use of spectrum, and was the first achievements of architecture carved in the rock in the area of ​​Kirlh current to the family of "Yala" used Terracotta in the construction of facilities and architectural adornment sculptures of stone, and most temples, the rock temple of the god "Cifa" in the "Kalajomalai" which is called the Temple of example, one of the most beautiful statues, monumental, built in the Family "clubs" that characterized the art of photography and manuscripts on the fronds palm trees, sculpture on the wood.





One of the greatest work of the ideal of India in the Family "Chandelh," and see a masterpiece of a unique global in the temples "Khajurao" you see the magnificence of the temple, "Cathedral Mhadif" which represents a rise to the level of architecture and sculpture compound, which is full of walls, sculptures Almkbip which includes horses, elephants, warriors and hunters and Albahlonat and some of the scenes of skits sexually explicit. and left the family "Janjh" temple city of Konark in honor of "Syria," the goddess of the sun by the Indians, as there is for a family "Kakate" carved reprints of a ceiling are "Sarsagni" goddess of knowledge and the patron of the arts with a dance on the back of swan.


 
And spread friezes Sculpture outstanding period over the walls in the family "Vijayh Nger" to represent the motorcades soldiers, cavalry, elephants, dancers and reached photography peaked as in the Temple "Badrawbadi" at Hampi, and the Family "Nayak" because the statue ivory Alrhiv the king Teromalh and his wife saved Museum Sereranjam, panel urate god Love and his wife Kami is riding the back of a goose, and the god Cifa a dance.
 
Schools photography inspired by artists of photography wall art in India of Buddha and his stories that reveal the habits and customs of India, and marked imaging An Outline expressive and harmonious colors, and give him acute emotion, love Vahtamoa filming incentive to continue the human race and breeding.





And schools photography school was "Yala" which was characterized by simplicity and consistency and to maintain the natural tendency, and the school "Algiinip" presented the sacred texts marked by bright colors and drawing characters animate eye iris, while affected by the school, "Alrajh his" art Mughal in dealing with scenes of the palace, tiles and work Alborterihat , while the back of decorative style in school, "Alrajstanip" that took place tariffs on the legends of the god "Krishnh", equestrian and attractions of women. and mythology Hinduism anticodon to the conflict between good and evil, you see the images of God of Ceuta and his family over the summit of Mount Kablacp lives of school, "Iahari" , and you see Krishnh snatched Clothing Halebatt cow during Asthamamhn in the river from the school, "Pashohli" which featured her paintings as severe combined with simple and use the icon in the colors, Femia focused on school, "Kangerah" filming sexual topics related myths Krishnh, and shows the influence of Art Mongol Porterihat the royal family, as in School "Maroir."


 
Contribute to the Islamic Mughal in India, which began in the era of back-Din Muhammad Babur in 1501, who founded the Mughal Empire on the ruins of the Sultanate of Dhli carrier Islamic art there Vtmiz imaging Hakpth tales that glorify the heroes of Islam and the poems of romance and historical Slatunp, in the era of "Humayun", which is the sponsor The first camera in Mughal India and highlighted the manuscripts were the manuscript of "Hamza Nameh," which hails the exploits master Hamza uncle of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, which is a symbol for artistic crossing the Islamic conquest of Mughal India and consists of 1400 image. Elhoudarpelhoudarp

Contribute to the Islamic Mughal


 
The collection of art in an era of "Jalaluddin Akbar" the traditions of ancient India and approaches of Islam to achieve the development of art and architecture, while the care of his son, "Jahangir" Balborterhat personal and focused artists of his time on quality and depth in the imaging, as marked by an era of "Shah Jahan Khuram" mandate in the fee details simple, as demonstrated Photography richness of the royal court.
Taj Mahal, Mughal architecture masterpiece


 
Art Poet India Great "Rabindranath Tageor" born in 1861, which is the genius of his work in its ability to infiltrate into the essence of the human soul to be contained, and the merging of sensual romance and mystical spirituality, he said his writers the West, deserves to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for autograph his book "Geeta Najali" which included the spiritual messages of fiction, to be the first writer-east to win the award, and the reason for the transfer of Indian culture into other languages.
 
And architecture Mughal find shrines that were the hallmarks of this era such as the tomb of "Ismail Samani" in Bukhara, and notes the vulnerability architecture of ancient Persian in the minaret of Mannar pole and the Red Fort "Lal agent" built by Shan Jahan in Delhi, is the Friday Mosque in Delhi and the shrine of crown Bajra models ideal place for high-end high-level buildings.The place of the Taj Mahal legitimate successor to the tomb of Humayun and returns the story to build to the Emperor "Shah Jahan" When the wife died and his sweetheart, "Mumtaz Mahal" which give birth XIV, grieved deeply saddened, he decided to build her shrine honors her memory, he gathered the giants of engineers and artists in the country for the design work completed does not disadvantage anything, so that to complete this enormous building used 20 thousand workers per day throughout 1643, and the development of an architectural masterpiece of humanity has become one of the Seven Wonders, the impact of charming and fascinating to those who Iseroha; where crowned building the shrine with a large dome onion-shaped, coated marble White topped by a decorative helmet Enbsag including a column of copper Forged end crescent, to harvest a decorative element to the Taj Mahal ideal unique to the era of Shan Jahan in architecture, painting and drafting of precious stones.
Drama, music and dance
Emerged from the drama of India, like other arts, rituals and rites of old, built generally unite arts poetry, dance and music in the work to configure a stand-alone focus it on showmanship than substance, derived drama Indian materials from an epic religious such as Almhabhart, and notes the direction of the theater Sanskrit of the code in the style of performance and minute gestures of actors, and drama is a Sanskrit poem lead representative, and displays the Dramatic Literature "Alkrenechui" stories Krishnh cowboy raver and his adventures with girls lacunar.The music is art dating back to three thousand years, where the spread in India, types of drums and machinery road, but the sound human highest sources of music affair, and is a "sitar" months Machinery Indian music, and Alrajh his term shows the relationship between melody and Talvath in the composition of music within the framework of a shrine, where There are 36 prestigious Indian musician.The Indians Dance offering they provide to the gods, and folk dances in India dances of warfare which transmitted the spirit of courage and victory, and dance "Jarabh" which Trqsa women, while men dance dance "Dayeras", and dances, classical dance, "Bharat Naitam," the story expressive in dance performance , and "Alkucciodi" and "Alaudisi" that took qualities sensory sculptures temples Kunarac, and dance "Almanbuori" Kingdom of Manbeor in Assam, which is associated with myths Krishnh, and "Alkatak" associated with the escapades of Krishnh with his beloved Radha and performed in a manner of expression pantomime, and "Alkatakali "dance drama adapted from Hindu mythology in Mlhmte Almhabhart and Alramanih.

Indian literature
Replace the poet "Kalidash" 320 m - as one of the symbols of Indian literature - for exaggerations Sayings significance of different images of humans, animals and trees and clouds; where he was to its effects on other arts of sculpture and photography, while offering the poet "Codrake" play "the small village made of clay," which based on social realism and cynicism dealing with ethics and behaviors associated with the material, and the ancient Indian literature "Alban_intr," a collection of short stories told by a symbolic one on the tongue of the wise animal, The "Altibestackh" or the three baskets are a selection of his sermons and sayings of Buddha. And Indian literature includes a number of epic mythology tells the history of India as in the epic Indian Grand "Mhabhart" the poet "Vyas" which are one hundred thousand houses about poetry, religious and tribal warfare, while including the epic "Ramanih" 48 000 House in seven parts tells the adventures of fisherman, offering epic "Albhjot Boranh" songs in the belief Alvhenwip, the epic "Aljitajo Vindh" shall submit songs god "Koichenh" which represents the axis of the complex Hindu divine.

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