18‏/03‏/2011

India..Arts and Islamic civilization


India .. Arts and Islamic civilization!! 

Indian manuscripts influenced by Islam during the Mughal rule 


Despite the presence of India early within the boundaries of the lands of Islam, the process of filming Islamic manuscripts to appear with the Mughal rule the East from the tenth century AH the sixth century AD • In the year 932 AH, «1526» forced Prince back-Din Muhammad Babur grandson of Tamerlane to leave the capital of the emirate in the Ferghana Booasit Asia following the conflict against him and after the invasions consecutive succeeded Babur to enter Lahore rod Punjab and Agra to sit on the throne of India and later punish members of his family on the throne of the State Mughal so far last emperors of this family, a SE Bahadur Shah by the British in 1274. 
Islamic Spirit 
Miniatures that are filmed in the era of the Mughal India summarize accurately stages experienced by the civilization of Islam in this region, and start this phase by quoting the metaphor of the largest neighbors and the nearest in which Persia is no difference between the language of the Persians, which has been for some time as an official language of the court of the Mughal and the vocabulary and structural elements prevailing in Iran, Central Asia, while in the field of photography manuscripts was to rely entirely on the traditions and even the Iranian artists, and after a period of borrowing from neighbors of the Islamic East and took the features of reality in the Indian Appear has absorbed the Islamic spirit, but this trend soon secluded himself in front crawl civilized European Earn imagery Mughal Indian character European apparent, and is attributed Persian influence first on the art of photography Mughal Indian to the fact of escape Nasir al-Din Muhammad Humayun, son of Babur under the pressure of the armies of the Afghan leader Shah Sher Shah, which resorted to the court of the Safavid Shah Tahmasb Isfahan has been a resident has nearly fifteen years, then returned to regain his throne, and with him on the return trip a number of months, architects and photographers who worked in the court of Safavid rule, is the reign of Sultan Jalal al-Din largest bin Humayun, Golden Age of India, the historic so that the foundations of a new capital of his kingdom, a city open Borscri and used in cosmetic shortcomings artists from Iran and India and founded the Imperial Institute of Art book under the supervision of a number of Iranian photographers, such as Samad Shirazi, Tabrizi on the Merced. 
Manuscript of the book Hamza Namah 
The Samad Shirazi, one of the first photographers Iranians, who worked in tile Indian where he participated in the filming of a manuscript Persian book of poems, five of the systems before fleeing Humayun from India to Iran and in the reign of Sultan greater co-Samad with the fiftieth photographer an Indian and an Iranian in the filming of a manuscript of the book Hamza Namah which 2400 included a picture of the scale is not uncommon. And the right of Abdul Samad, a senior Iranian artist is Mir Syed Ali Tabrizi, who also left some of his work. Among the most famous of his paintings occupied two pages facing pages of a manuscript which describes the views of the Bedouin camp. At the forefront of this picture, we find several people sitting on a large carpet over carpet rolled out for prayer has Ozlthm tent decorated with rich and clear and seems they were preparing for a feast, where two people appear to the far right is carrying food. Although the sight of the camp in the visible ground in front of the tent appeared on the table is full of green fees roses and flowers. After this tent, which represents the main part of this scene cellular relay tents there are various colors and one red, embellished with a Chinese character has two women sat inside Ttjazban chatted, and the other two women in front of a white and milk for the last Tkhaddan 


Recommends that the international meeting highlighting the Arab heritage in Indian institutions 

 The participants at the international meeting on the historical sources on the history of the Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf in archives and libraries of India to the need to raise the profile of Arab heritage available in archives and libraries of India to make new sources of Arab history and Islamic world, and the need for joint action between Saudi Arabia and India through the institutions concerned and competent to save this heritage, documented and made available to researchers with the activation of cultural agreements between the two countries. 
Also confirmed the meeting which was held for three days and concluded recently at the Royal University of the Islamic New Delhi in its final recommendations on the importance of the cooperation of libraries and archives Indian among themselves in the work of restoration and sterilization and indexing of documents, manuscripts, Arabic and photographed, and raising the degree of care as a wealth of knowledge a large and varied, and thus make them available on the Internet to spread the benefits and deployment for x 


 Qutb Manar Mosque in India 
  
Lighthouse Ghotbeddin Aybak in New Delhi 
 Qutb Manar is a historical landmark that is located near an Indian from Delhi, is a beacon longest of its kind in India and the second tallest lighthouse in the history of the Islamic world after the Giralda minaret in Seville, complex includes other buildings and to attract large crowds of tourists every year. Inserted by UNESCO, the World Heritage List. 
Wanted Ghotbeddin APIC, the first ruler of a series of Mamluk Turkish origin, who have contributed to the spread of Islam in northern India, who founded the Sultanate of Dhli, he wanted to immortalize his reign, stood up to begin construction of the Qutb Manar in 1193, conditions did not bother to complete the work completed I stood at the level of his successor (Iltmc) the addition of three other levels, then the Feroz Shah shut down in 1368. Add a fifth level is the end. 
Some historians believe that, contrary to what is said to be called back to the Sultan Qutbuddin APIC, the real reason for the name Pole Mannar due to the Khawaja Qutb-Din, one of mystics, who came from Baghdad and lived in India, and has received, during which the status of a major of the sultan Iltmc. 


Taj Mahal: Dora Islamic architecture in India 

Taj Mahal in the city of Accra, India 
 Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in the Indian city of Accra and built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. 
The Taj Mahal, the finest witness to the beauty of architecture in the Mughal era, which combines elements of architectural styles of art from the Ottoman and Persian, Indian and Islamic. 
In 1983, UNESCO has included this parameter in the list of world cultural heritage and called it "a jewel of Islamic art in India and one of the architectural masterpieces in the World Heritage, which won the admiration 
of all around the earth."

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